Allusions & Allegories


The Book of Revelation
The Book of Revelation, also called Revelation to John, Apocalypse of John (from the Greek Apoka’lypsis Io-a’nnou), and Revelation of Jesus Christ is the last canonical book of the New Testament in the Christian Bible. It is the only biblical book that is wholly composed of apocalyptic literature.

Numbers in the Book of Revelation
by Prof. Felix Just
Numbers in the Bible are often (usually?) meant symbolically, not just literally. See the explanation of The Symbolism of Numbers in the Bible.The most common numbers in the Book of Revelation: One, Four, and especially Seven! (Why?) Numbers never used in the Book of Revelation (surprisingly!): Eight, Forty, or Hundred! (Why not?)

Bible Numberics
By Andrew Harris
Jesus said that “the very hairs of your head are numbered ” (Matthew 10:30). The Greek word used here is (ariqmev) ‘arithmeo’ from which we get arithmetic. It would appear from this statement that God is a mathematician. Indeed all of creation is based on mathematical principles and runs according to mathematical rules. So it would certainly seem that the creator must be a mathematician. If He were to write a book, should it not also be stamped, and based upon the same mathematics. He did, and indeed it is.

Bible Prophecy Numbers
The writing on the wall
This is the interpretation of the thing: MENE; God hath numbered thy kingdom, and brought it to an end.

Numbers in the Bible
by Gerry Berard
Some numbers occur with amazing regularity throughout the Bible from Genesis to Revelation. Here is a look at which numbers they are and where they appear.


The History of Mythology
Scott A. Leonard
IN THIS ESSAY. . . You will find an historical survey of the history of mythology, the study and analysis of myth. The essay begins with a short review of the philosophical mythology of the early Greek philosophers, proceeds to an overview of the various forms of allegorical mythology that dominated discussion of myth until the end of the European Renaissance, continues with an examination of how a rage for ethnic roots beginning in the 17th century CE availed itself of the methods of the comparative linguistics and developed into the various schools of comparative mythology of the 18th and 19th centuries, and concludes with a survey of the major modern mythologies that emerged when a variety of academic disciplines—anthropology, linguistics, literature, and psychology—developed their respective analyses of myth.

Cassandra in Greek Mythology
The story of the heroine Cassandra is a favorite in Greek mythology. Cassandra makes an appearance in many plays and poems, where often she is depicted in her most memorable role – that of prophetess. So let us explore this compelling Greek heroine, and learn about Cassandra in myth and legend.

The Icelandic Sagas
Virtually Virtual Iceland
The Icelandic Sagas have a special niche in the world’s literature.
They were written between ca. 1100 AD and 1300 AD in the Icelandic language, at a time when almost everybody else in the world was writing in Latin.
There has been a lot of discussion on whether the Icelandic Sagas are true history, or pure fiction.
This discussion is really academic as the Icelandic Sagas are true in the sense that they are great literature, and all great literature is true in the sense that it lifts the reader to another plane.


Allegory, Myth, and Literature
Jack Lang
Recently, I received an anonymous complaint concerning Mr. Hall’s speculations on the similarities between Elbereth and the Virgin Mary. Evidently, someone found it objectionable that Hall had found “allegory” in Tolkien’s Lord of the Rings (LOTR). Hall drew some parallels between the action of Elbereth in the Lord of the Rings and the action of the Virgin Mary in the context of Tolkien’s christian catholicism. Doing so, Hall was accused of “insulting” Tolkien and his written work. Finally, the unknown critic said that Tolkien’s work should be treated as “mythology and not as literature.” I shared this brief note with Hall and he has agreed to make some comments in response to the complaints issued against his speculations.

Aesop’s Fables
Aesop’s Fables or Aesopica refers to a collection of fables credited to Aesop (620–560 BC), a slave and story-teller who lived in Ancient Greece. Aesop’s Fables have become a blanket term for collections of brief fables, usually involving anthropomorphic animals. His fables are some of the most well known in the world. The fables remain a popular choice for moral education of children today.

Roman de la Rose
The Roman de la rose is a medieval French poem styled as an allegorical dream vision. It is a notable instance of courtly literature. The work’s stated purpose is to both entertain and to teach others about the Art of Love. At various times in the poem, the “Rose” of the title is seen as the name of the lady, and as a symbol of female sexuality in general. Likewise, the other characters’ names function both as regular names and as abstractions illustrating the various factors that are involved in a love affair.

The Divine Comedy
The Divine Comedy (Italian: Commedia, later christened “Divina” by Giovanni Boccaccio), written by Dante Alighieri between 1308 and his death in 1321, is widely considered the central epic poem of Italian literature, and is seen as one of the greatest works of world literature. The poem’s imaginative and allegorical vision of the Christian afterlife is a culmination of the medieval world-view as it had developed in the Western Church. It helped establish the Tuscan dialect in which it is written as the Italian standard.

Animal Farm
Animal Farm is a novel by George Orwell, and is one of the most famous satirical allegory of Soviet totalitarianism[citation needed]. Published in 1945, the book reflects events leading up to and during the Stalin era before World War II. Orwell, a democratic socialist, and a member of the Independent Labour Party for many years, was a critic of Joseph Stalin, and was suspicious of Moscow-directed Stalinism after his experiences with the NKVD during the Spanish Civil War.

Piers Plowman
Piers Plowman (written ca. 1360–1399) or Visio Willelmi de Petro Ploughman (William’s Vision of Piers Plowman) is the title of a Middle English allegorical narrative poem by William Langland. It is written in unrhymed alliterative verse divided into sections called “passus” (Latin for “step”). Piers is considered by many critics to be one of the early great works of English literature along with Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales. The poem – part theological allegory, part social satire – concerns the narrator’s intense quest for the true Christian life, which is told from the point of view of the medieval Catholic mind. This quest entails a series of dream-visions and an examination into the lives of three allegorical characters, Dowel (“Do-Well”), Dobet (“Do-Better”), and Dobest (“Do-Best”).

Henrik Ibsen – “Hedda Gabler”
by Lilia Melani
Henrik Ibsen’s plays anticipate major developments of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries: the individual’s feelings of alienation and actual alienation from society; the pressures by which society insures conformity to its values and suppresses individuality; the barriers which modern life sets up against living heroically.

Romeo and Juliet
Between tragedy and comedy the transition is often but slightly marked. Thus Romeo and Juliet differs but little from most of Shakespeare’s comedies in its ingredients and treatment–it is simply the direction of the whole that gives it the stamp of tragedy.

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